Lubricant Base Oil and Wax Processing. Avilino Sequeira
ISBN: 0824792564,9780824792565 | 296 pages | 8 Mb
Lubricant Base Oil and Wax Processing Avilino Sequeira
Publisher: CRC Press
The Petroleum-based Lubricants business started in mid 1800′s. The secret I was made privy to was that waxing your chain was preferable to using oil type lubricants as far as cleanliness was concerned. Most people know the key driver of the production for lubricants are Base Oils. During the construction process there were between 2,000 and 4,000 construction workers on the site at any one time, which generated around $40m-50m in sales taxes for the Parish of St John the Baptist where the refinery is based. Most products of Crude oil processing are usually grouped into three categories: light distillates (LPG, gasoline, naphtha), middle distillates (kerosene, diesel), heavy distillates and residuum (fuel oil, lubricating oils, wax, tar). For the most part, four of the eight, representing greases, wax-based drip lubes, regular oils, and biodegradeable oils, were all very similar, losing about 2 watts over the hour long test.'. Furthermore, as many unwanted substances as possible are removed in the process, such as sulphur, aromatic hydrocarbons, paraffin wax, etc. Over time, the wax gets nasty to the point that you feel compelled to replace it lest you re-introduce the contaminants in the waxing process. The Garyville facility produces: petrol, diesel, kerosene, jet fuel, asphalt, lube base oil, slack wax, propane, toluene, xylene, aromatic extract, petroleum pitch, sulphur, propane, propylene, isobutane, asphalt, coke and heavy oil. This classification is based on the way crude oil is distilled and separated into fractions (called distillates and residuum) as can be seen in the above drawing. Lubricants have been around since ancient times. The initial processing was limited to separation by boiling point. You have to separate the different types of hydrocarbons to have anything useful.